Structured Literacy is based on the science of how children learn to read. It is a comprehensive approach to literacy instruction that is essential for children with Dyslexia. It explicitly teaches systematic word identification and decoding strategies.
This approach includes the following elements:
These principles govern how literacy is taught:
For more information about Structured Literacy, please view the resource, ”What is Structured Literacy?” published by the International Dyslexia Association.
Structured Literacy is an umbrella term coined by the International Dyslexia Association (IDA) that describes all programs and approaches that teach reading using evidence-based instruction. The Orton-Gillingham Approach is considered a structured literacy approach.
Both approaches focus on phonology, sound-symbol association, syllables, morphology, syntax, and semantics. It is also common for Orton-Gillingham instruction to address skills in alphabet knowledge, handwriting, and vocabulary.
Similar to the Structured Literacy approach, the Orton-Gillingham Approach shares the same principles of instruction that govern literacy instruction: systematic, cumulative, explicit, and diagnostic. In addition, the Orton-Gillingham Approach emphasizes the following elements:
It follows a therapeutic approach model that provides immediate corrective feedback. It builds on individual strengths and success.
Both approaches complement each other. The comprehensive Orton-Gillingham Approach uses instructional techniques that create lessons that are hands-on, engaging, responsive, and fosters multimodal language learning.
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